The 1960s as a cultural phenomenon did not conform to a calendar. The 60s began in 1964 and ended at a Raceway near San Francisco in December of 1969. 69 was the year where it all came to a head. The summer of 1969 saw the moon landing and Woodstock. By December of that year that flower power and peace signs had been replaced by a clenched fist in the air.
Nowhere was this more visible than at an outdoor concert headlined by the Rolling Stones just outside of San Francisco at the Altamont Speedway. Earlier in the year the Rolling Stones had given a similar concert in London. There, the British version of Hells Angels provided security. What they hadn’t factored in was the extreme difference between the teddy boys on motorcycles that were called Hells Angels in England and the hard edged harley-loving Hells Angels of California. The concert featured Ike and Tina Turner, Santana, The Flying Burrito Brothers, Jefferson Airplane, and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, with the Rolling Stones taking the stage as the final act. The co-organizers and promoters of the festival, the grateful dead were scheduled to play but opted out at the last minute because of the growing violence at the event. Around 300,000 people attended the concert. Although peaceful at first, over the course of the day, the crowd slowly grew agitated, intoxicated and violent. The security, the California Hells Angels, had been drinking free beer all day standing at the front of the stage. As the crowd became angry and unpredictable, attacking each other, the performers and the hells angels, the Angels reacted in kind. By the end of the concert, there were many injuries, 4 deaths, and extensive property damage. As beautiful and hopeful as Woodstock was, that was how ugly and hopeless Altamont was.
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Crosby, Stills & Nash (album) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Take a look at the photo on the cover of the first Crosby stills and Nash album. For their first album, Crosby stills and Nash wanted a cover that would reflect the intimacy of the music. They wanted it to look real and natural, just like their music. While driving around Hollywood, Graham Nash spotted an old abandoned house at the corner of palm and Santa Monica boulevard. They called photographer Henry Diltz who met them there. Nothing was added to the photo…everything was there…the house, the couch, the palm. When they got the proofs back, they realized they were sitting out of order…Nash stills and Crosby. So they went back to do a re shoot…but there was no couch, no palm, no house. It had been torn down and only a pile of rubble remained. They took it as a sign and used the original shot.
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